What is Light Sensor
A light sensor, also known as a photo sensor or photoelectric sensor, is a device that detects and measures the presence or absence of light. It is a photoelectric instrument that converts light energy or photons from the infrared to ultraviolet spectrum into an electrical signal, typically in the form of electrons. The light sensor generates an electrical output signal that corresponds to the input light energy.
Light sensors work based on the principle of the photoelectric effect, where certain materials emit electrons when exposed to light. They utilize this effect to detect and measure light. Light sensors use a photosensitive material, such as a photodiode or a phototransistor, which generates an electrical current when exposed to light. The intensity of the light determines the magnitude of the current generated.
Some common types include photodiodes, phototransistors, photovoltaic cells, light-dependent resistors (LDRs), and ambient light sensors. These sensors find applications in lighting control systems, security systems, display devices, solar energy systems, and automotive applications.