What is Chromaticity

Horace He

Last Updated: December 26, 2023

What is Chromaticity

Chromaticity is the objective specification of the quality of color that remains consistent regardless of the illuminating light. It is a fundamental concept in color science that helps explain how we perceive the color of objects. Chromaticity is determined by two key measurements: hue and colorfulness. Hue refers to the degree to which light can be detected by the human eye and is associated with specific colors such as red, yellow, orange, green, blue, or violet. These colors can be objectively measured in terms of the wavelengths of light that create them. Colorfulness, on the other hand, is an attribute of visual perception that determines how chromatic a perceived color appears to be. It takes into account not only the wavelengths of light being reflected by an object but also the intensity of the light falling on the surface that reflects them.

Chromaticity is crucial for objectively quantifying and describing the quality of a color emitted by a light source. It allows manufacturers and designers to define the desired color characteristics of a light source, ensuring consistency and accuracy in color rendering. It is typically represented using coordinates on a chromaticity diagram, such as the CIE 1931 xy chromaticity diagram. This diagram maps all possible chromaticities, with colors at the boundary representing spectral monochromatic light and other colors produced by a combination of various spectral components.

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